Peer Reviewed

Peer Reviewed


A bibliography of peer-reviewed literature on marine spatial planning was compiled primarily from directed searches of the “Web of Science” ( with the generous help of OpenChannels ( and searches of ScienceDirect, supplemented by citations of other relevant publications, including a few pre-2006 classics that marine planners should know.



Adams, V.; Mills, M.; Jupiter, S.; Pressey, R. (2011). Improving social acceptability of marine protected area networks: A method for estimating opportunity costs to multiple gear types in both fished and currently un-fished areas. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION, 144(1), pp. 350-361. 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.09.012

Agardy, T. (1993). Accommodating ecotourism in multiple use planning of coastal and marine protected areas. OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 20(3), pp. 219-239. 10.1016/0964-5691(93)90068-A

Agardy, T. (1994). Advances in marine conservation: the role of marine protected areas. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, 9(7), pp. 267-270.

Agardy, T. (2007). How long will we resist oceans zoning? And why?. SEA TECHNOLOGY, 48(6), p. 77.

Agardy, T. (2010). Ocean Zoning: making marine management more effective. Earthscan: London. 220 p.

Agardy, T.; di Sciara, G.; Christie, P. (2011). Mind the gap: addressing the shortcomings of marine protected areas through large-scale marine spatial planning. MARINE POLICY, 35(2), pp. 226-232. 10.1016/j.marpol.2010.10.006

Agostini, V.; Margles, S.; Knowles, J.; Schill, S.; Bovino, R.; Blyther, R. (2015). Marine zoning in St. Kitts and Nevis: A design for sustainable management in the Caribbean. OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 104, pp. 1-10. 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.003

Ahmad, S.; Hanley, N. (2009). Willingness-to-pay for reducing crowding effect damages in marine parks in Malaysia. SINGAPORE ECONOMIC REVIEW, 54(1), pp. 21-39.

Alexander, K,; Janssen, R.; Arciniegas, G.; O’Higgins, T.; Eikelboom, T; Wilding, T. (2012). Interactive Marine Spatial Planning: siting tidal energy arrays around the Mull of Kintyre. PLOS ONE, 7(1). 10.1371/journal.pone.003003

Al-Jamali, F.; Bishop, J. M.; Osment, J.; Jones, D. A.; LeVay, L.. (2005). A review of the impacts of aquaculture and artificial waterways upon coastal ecosystems in the Gulf (Arabian/Persian) including a case study demonstrating how future management may resolve these impacts. AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM HEALTH & MANAGEMENT, 8(1), pp. 81-94. 10.1080/14634980590914953

Alvarado, JJ; Herrera, B; Corrales, L; Asch, J; Paaby, P. (2011). Identification of marine and coastal biodiversity conservation priorities in Costa Rica. REVISTA DE BIOLOGIA TROPICAL, 59(2), pp. 829-842.

Alvarez-Berastegui, D.; Amengual, J.; Coll, Josep; Renones, O.; Moreno-Navas, J.; Agardy, T. (2014). Multidisciplinary rapid assessment of coastal areas as a tool for the design and management of marine protected areas. JOURNAL FOR NATURE CONSERVATION, 22(1), pp. 1-14. 10.1016/j.jnc.2013.07.003

Alvarez-Romero, J.; Devlin, M.; da Silva, E.; Petus, C; Ban, N.; Pressey, R.; Kool, J.; Roberts, J.; Cerdeira-Estrada, S.; Wenger, A.; Brodie, J. (2013). A novel approach to model exposure of coastal-marine ecosystems to riverine flood plumes based on remote sensing techniques. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 119, pp. 194-207. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.01.036

Alvarez-Romero, J.; Pressey, R.; Ban, N.; Torre-Cosio, J.; Aburto-Oropeza, O. (2013). Marine conservation planning in practice: lessons learned from the Gulf of California. AQUATIC CONSERVATION-MARINE AND FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS, 23(4), pp. 483-505. 10.1002/aqc.2334

Alvarez-Romero, J.; Pressey, R.; Ban, N.; Vance-Borland, K.; Willer, C.; Klein, C.; Gaines, S. (2011). Integrated Land-Sea Conservation Planning: the missing links. ANNUAL REVIEW OF ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION, AND SYSTEMATICS, VOL 42, 42, pp. 381-409. 10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-102209-144702

Alvarez-Romero, J.; Wilkinson, S.; Pressey, R.; Ban, N.; Kool, J.; Brodie, J. (2014). Modeling catchment nutrients and sediment loads to inform regional management of water quality in coastal-marine ecosystems: A comparison of two approaches. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 146, pp. 164-178. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.07.007

Alves, FL; Sousa, LP; Esteves, TC; Oliveira, ER; Antunes, IC; Fernandes, MD; Carvalho, L; Barroso, S; Pereira, M. (2014). Trend change(s) in coastal management plans: the integration of short and medium term perspectives in the spatial planning process. JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH, pp. 437-442. 10.2112/SI70-074.1

Anadon, JD; D’Agrosa, C; Gondor, A; Gerber, LR. (2011). Quantifying the spatial ecology of wide-ranging marine species in the Gulf of California: implications for marine conservation planning. PLOS ONE, 6(12). 10.1371/journal.pone.0028400

Anadon, JD; Mancha-Cisneros, MD; Best, BD; Gerber, LR. (2013). Habitat-specific larval dispersal and marine connectivity: implications for spatial conservation planning. ECOSPHERE, 4(7). 10.1890/ES13-00119.1

Andrulewicz, E; Otremba, Z; Kaminska, K. (2010). Ongoing technical activities and conservation measures in Maritime Spatial Planning within Polish marine areas. POLISH JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES, 19(3), pp. 553-563.

Appleby, T; Jones, P. (2012). The marine and coastal access act: a hornet’s nest?. MARINE POLICY, 36(1), pp. 73-77. 10.1016/j.marpol.2011.03.009

Arbo, P., Thuy. P. (2016). Use conflicts in marine ecosystem-based management. The case of oil versus fisheries. OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT. 122:77-86.

Archer, J. H. (1992). Sovereign rights and responsibilities: applying public trust principles to the management of EEZ space and resources. OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 17, 253-271.

Arcos, JM; Becares, J; Villero, D; Brotons, L; Rodriguez, B; Ruiz, A. (2012). Assessing the location and stability of foraging hotspots for pelagic seabirds: An approach to identify marine Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Spain. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION, 156, pp. 30-42. 10.1016/j.biocon.2011.12.011

Ardron, J; Gjerde, K; Pullen, S; Tilot, V. (2008). Marine spatial planning in the high seas. MARINE POLICY, 32(5), pp. 832-839. 10.1016/j.marpol.2008.03.018

Arias, Adrian; Sutton, Stephen G.. (2013). Understanding Recreational Fishers’ Compliance with No-take Zones in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. ECOLOGY AND SOCIETY, 18(4). 10.5751/ES-05872-180418

Arkema, K.; Verutes, Gregory; Bernhardt, Joanna R.; Clarke, Chantalle; Rosado, Samir; Canto, Maritza; Wood, Spencer A.; Ruckelshaus, Mary; Rosenthal, Amy; McField, Melanie; de Zegher, Joann. (2014). Assessing habitat risk from human activities to inform coastal and marine spatial planning: a demonstration in Belize. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 9(11). 10.1088/1748-9326/9/11/114016

Arkema, K; Verutes, GM; Wood, SA; Clarke-Samuels, C; Rosado, S; Canto, M; Rosenthal, A; Ruckelshaus, M; Guannel, G; Toft, J; Faries, J; Silver, JM; Griffin, R; Guerry, AD. (2015). Embedding ecosystem services in coastal planning leads to better outcomes for people and nature. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 112(24), pp. 7390-7395. 10.1073/pnas.1406483112

Armada, Nygiel B.. (2014). Fisheries refugia, marine protected areas, and fisheries use zoning: Some of the tools used in managing fisheries in the Philippines. JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 56(1), pp. 77-84. 10.6024/jmbai.2014.56.1.01750s-12

Ashley, MC; Mangi, SC; Rodwell, LD. (2014). The potential of offshore wind farms to act as marine protected areas – A systematic review of current evidence. MARINE POLICY, 45, pp. 301-309. 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.09.002

Azzellino, A; Kofoed, JP; Lanfredi, C; Margheritini, L; Pedersen, ML. (2013). A Marine Spatial Planning framework for the optimal siting of marine renewable energy installations: two Danish case studies.. JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH. pp. 1623-1628. 10.2112/SI65-274.1

Babcock, EA; Pikitch, EK; McAllister, MK; Apostolaki, P; Santora, C. (2005). A perspective on the use of spatialised indicators for ecosystem-based fishery management through spatial zoning. ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE, 62(3), pp. 469-476. 10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.01.010

Babcock, RC; Egli, DP; Attwood, CG. (2012). Incorporating behavioural variation in individual-based simulation models of marine reserve effectiveness. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION, 39(3), pp. 282-294. 10.1017/S0376892912000148

Backer, H. (2011). Trans-boundary maritime spatial planning: a Baltic Sea perspective. JOURNAL OF COASTAL CONSERVATION, 15(2), pp. 279-289. 10.1007/s11852-011-0156-1

Backer, H; Leppanen, JM; Brusendorff, AC; Forsius, K; Stankiewicz, M; Mehtonen, J; Pyhala, M; Laamanen, M; Paulomaki, H; Vlasov, N; Haaranen, T. (2010). HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan: A regional programme of measures for the marine environment based on the Ecosystem Approach. MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, 60(5), pp. 642-649. 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.11.016

Baelde, P. (2005). Interactions between the implementation of marine protected areas and right-based fisheries management in Australia. FISHERIES MANAGEMENT AND ECOLOGY, 12(1), pp. 9-18. 10.1111/j.1365-2400.2004.00413.x

Baird, R. W., Cholewiak, D., Webster, D. L., Schorr, G. S., Mahaffy, S. D., Curtice, C., … Van Parijs, S. M. (2015). 5. Biologically Important Areas for Cetaceans Within U.S. Waters – Hawai‘i Region. AQUATIC MAMMALS, 41(1), 54–64.

Baisner, AJ; Andersen, JL; Findsen, A; Granath, SWY; Madsen, KO; Desholm, M. (2010). Minimizing Collision Risk Between Migrating Raptors and Marine Wind Farms: Development of a Spatial Planning Tool. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 46(5), pp. 801-808. 10.1007/s00267-010-9541-z

Balaguer, P; Diedrich, A; Sarda, R; Fuster, M; Canellas, B; Tintore, J. (2011). Spatial analysis of recreational boating as a first key step for marine spatial planning in Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain). OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 54(3), pp. 241-249. 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.12.002

Baltas, AE; Dervos, AN. (2012). Special framework for the spatial planning and the sustainable development of renewable energy sources. RENEWABLE ENERGY, 48, pp. 358-363. 10.1016/j.renene.2012.05.015

Ban, N; Alder, J. (2008). How wild is the ocean? Assessing the intensity of anthropogenic marine activities in British Columbia, Canada. AQUATIC CONSERVATION-MARINE AND FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS, 18(1), pp. 55-85. 10.1002/aqc.816

Ban, N.; Hansen, Gretchen J. A.; Jones, Michael; Vincent, Amanda C. J.. (2009). Systematic marine conservation planning in data-poor regions: socioeconomic data is essential. MARINE POLICY, 33(5), pp. 794-800. 10.1016/j.marpol.2009.02.011

Ban, N.; Pressey, R.; Weeks, S. (2012). Conservation Objectives and Sea-Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Great Barrier Reef. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, 26(5), pp. 799-809. 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01894.x

Ban, N. (2009). Minimum data requirements for designing a set of marine protected areas, using commonly available abiotic and biotic datasets. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION, 18(7), pp. 1829-1845. 10.1007/s10531-008-9560-8

Ban, N.; Alidina, H; Ardron, J. (2010). Cumulative impact mapping: Advances, relevance and limitations to marine management and conservation, using Canada’s Pacific waters as a case study. MARINE POLICY, 34(5), pp. 876-886. 10.1016/j.marpol.2010.01.010

Ban, N.; Bax, NJ; Gjerde, KM; Devillers, R; Dunn, DC; Dunstan, PK; Hobday, AJ; Maxwell, SM; Kaplan, DM; Pressey, RL; Ardron, JA; Game, ET; Halpin, PN. (2014). Systematic Conservation Planning: A Better Recipe for Managing the High Seas for Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use. CONSERVATION LETTERS, 7(1), pp. 41-54. 10.1111/conl.12010

Ban, N.; Bodtker, KM; Nicolson, D; Robb, CK; Royle, K; Short, C. (2013). Setting the stage for marine spatial planning: Ecological and social data collation and analyses in Canada’s Pacific waters. MARINE POLICY, 39, pp. 11-20. 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.10.017

Ban, N.; Cinner, JE; Adams, VM; Mills, M; Almany, GR; Ban, SS; Mccook, LJ; White, A. (2012). Recasting shortfalls of marine protected areas as opportunities through adaptive management. AQUATIC CONSERVATION-MARINE AND FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS, 22(2), pp. 262-271. 10.1002/aqc.2224

Ban, N.; Klein, CJ. (2009). Spatial socioeconomic data as a cost in systematic marine conservation planning. CONSERVATION LETTERS, 2(5), pp. 206-215. 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2009.00071.x

Ban, N.; Maxwell, SM; Dunn, DC; Hobday, AJ; Bax, NJ; Ardron, J; Gjerde, KM; Game, ET; Devillers, R; Kaplan, DM; Dunstan, PK; Halpin, PN; Pressey, RL. (2014). Better integration of sectoral planning and management approaches for the interlinked ecology of the open oceans. MARINE POLICY, 49, pp. 127-136. 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.11.024

Ban, N.; Maxwell, SM; Dunn, DC; Hobday, AJ; Bax, NJ; Ardron, J; Gjerde, KM; Game, ET; Devillers, R; Kaplan, DM; Dunstan, PK; Halpin, PN; Pressey, RL. (2014). Better integration of sectoral planning and management approaches for the interlinked ecology of the open oceans. MARINE POLICY, 49, pp. 127-136. 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.11.024

Ban, N.; McDougall, C; Beck, M; Salomon, AK; Cripps, K. (2014). Applying empirical estimates of marine protected area effectiveness to assess conservation plans in British Columbia, Canada. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION, 180, pp. 134-148. 10.1016/j.biocon.2014.09.037

Ban, N.; Picard, C; Vincent, ACJ. (2008). Moving Toward Spatial Solutions in Marine Conservation with Indigenous Communities. ECOLOGY AND SOCIETY, 13(1).

Ban, NC; Picard, CR; Vincent, ACJ. (2009). Comparing and Integrating Community-Based and Science-Based Approaches to Prioritizing Marine Areas for Protection. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, 23(4), pp. 899-910. 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01185.x

Ban, N.; Pressey, RL; Weeks, S. (2012). Conservation Objectives and Sea-Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Great Barrier Reef. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, 26(5), pp. 799-809. 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01894.x

Barnard, P; Brown, CJ; Jarvis, AM; Robertson, A; van Rooyen, L. (1998). Extending the Namibian protected area network to safeguard hotspots of endemism and diversity. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION, 7(4), pp. 531-547. 10.1023/A:1008831829574

Barroeta-Hlusicka, ME; Buitrago, J; Rada, M; Perez, R. (2012). Contrasting approved uses against actual uses at La Restinga Lagoon National Park, Margarita Island, Venezuela. A GPS and GIS method to improve management plans and rangers coverage. JOURNAL OF COASTAL CONSERVATION, 16(1), pp. 65-76. 10.1007/s11852-011-0170-3

Bastardie, F; Nielsen, JR; Eigaard, OR; Fock, HO; Jonsson, P; Bartolino, V. (2015). Competition for marine space: modelling the Baltic Sea fisheries and effort displacement under spatial restrictions. ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE, 72(3), pp. 824-840. 10.1093/icesjms/fsu215.

Bateman, S., Bergin A. (2009). Sea change: advancing Australia’s ocean interests. The Australian Strategic Policy Institute Ltd: Canberra.

Battista, T; O’Brien, K. (2015). Spatially Prioritizing Seafloor Mapping for Coastal and Marine Planning. COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 43(1), pp. 35-51. 10.1080/08920753.2014.985177

Bax, N. J., Cleary, J., Donnelly, B., Dunn, D. C., Dunstan, P. K., Fuller, M., & Halpin, P. N. (2016). Results of efforts by the Convention on Biological Diversity to describe ecologically or biologically significant marine areas. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY.

Becker-Weinberg, V. (2015). Portugal’s legal regime on marine spatial planning and management of the national maritime space. MARINE POLICY. 61: 46-53.

Beech, T; Dowd, M; Field, C; Hatcher, B; Andrefouet, S. (2008). A stochastic approach to marine reserve design: Incorporating data uncertainty. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATICS, 3, pp. 321-333. 10.1016/j.ecoinf.2008.09.001

Beger, M; Grantham, HS; Pressey, RL; Wilson, KA; Peterson, EL; Dorfman, D; Mumby, PJ; Lourival, R; Brumbaugh, DR; Possingham, HP. (2010). Conservation planning for connectivity across marine, freshwater, and terrestrial realms. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION, 143(3), pp. 565-575. 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.11.006

Belfiore, Stefano, Julian Barbiere, Robert Bowan, Biliana Cicin-Sain, Charles Ehler, Camille Mageau, Dan McDougall, and Robert Siron, 2006. A HANDBOOK FOR MEASURING THE PROGRESS AND OUTCOMES OF INTEGRATED COASTAL AND OCEAN MANAGEMENT. IOC Manuals and Guides No. 46; ICAM Dossier 2. Paris: UNESCO. 217 p.

Bennett, N., Dearden, P. (2014). From measuring outcomes to providing inputs: governance, management, and local development for more effective marine protected areas. MARINE POLICY. 50: 96-110.

Bentz, Julia; Rodrigues, Antonio; Dearden, Philip; Calado, Helena; Lopes, Fernando. (2015). Crowding in marine environments: Divers and whale watchers in the Azores. OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 109, pp. 77-85. 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2015.03.001

Bergstrom, L; Kautsky, L; Malm, T; Rosenberg, R; Wahlberg, M; Capetillo, NA; Wilhelmsson, D. (2014). Effects of offshore wind farms on marine wildlife-a generalized impact assessment. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 9(3). 10.1088/1748-9326/9/3/034012

Best, B. D., Halpin, P. N., Fujioka, E., Read, A. J., Qian, S. S., Hazen, L. J., & Schick, R. S. (2007). Geospatial web services within a scientific workflow: Predicting marine mammal habitats in a dynamic environment. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATICS, 2(3), 210–223.

Best, Lindsay; Day, Val; Zacharin, William. (2008). A multiple-use marine planning framework that informs ecologically sustainable development outcomes for marine resource use. AMERICAN FISHERIES SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM, 49, pp. 1235-1241.

Bezaury-Creel, JE. (2005). Protected areas and coastal and ocean management in Mexico. OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 48, pp. 1016-1046. 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2005.03.004

Bijlsma, L., Ehler, C., Klein, R., et al. (1996). Coastal zones and small islands. In: Climate Change (1995): Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation of Climate Change (Robert T. Watson et al., eds.). Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK. pp. 289-324.

Blau, J.; Green, L. (2015). Assessing the impact of a new approach to ocean management: Evidence to date from five ocean plans. MARINE POLICY, 56, pp. 1-8. 10.1016/j.marpol.2015.02.004

Bohnke-Henrichs, A; Baulcomb, C; Koss, R; Hussain, SS; de Groot, RS. (2013). Typology and indicators of ecosystem services for marine spatial planning and management. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 130, pp. 135-145. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.08.027

Bohnsack, J. (1996). Marine reserves, zoning, and the future of fishery management. FISHERIES, 21(9), pp. 14-16.

Boonzaier, L., Pauly, D. (2015). Marine protection targets: an updated assessment of global progress. ORYX. 50(1): 27-35.

Bos, M.; Pressey, R.; Stoeckl, N. (2014). Effective marine offsets for the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY, 42, pp. 1-15. 10.1016/j.envsci.2014.05.002.

Bos, M., Pressey, R., Stoecki, N. (2015). Marine conservation finance: the need for and scope of an emerging field. OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 114: 116-128.

Botero, C., Fanning, L., Milanes, C., Planas, J. (2016). An indicator framework for assessing progress in land and marine planning in Colombia and Cuba. ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS. 64: 181-193.

Botsford, LW; White, JW; Carr, MH; Caselle, JE. (2014). Marine Protected Area Networks in California, USA. MARINE MANAGED AREAS AND FISHERIES, 69, pp. 205-251. 10.1016/B978-0-12-800214-8.00006-2

Bouamrame, M. (2006). Biodiversity and stakeholders: concertation itineraries. Biosphere Reserves, Technical Notes 1. UNESCO: Paris.

Boyes, Suzanne J.; Elliott, Michael; Thomson, Shona M.; Atkins, Stephen; Gilliland, Paul. (2007). A proposed multiple-use zoning scheme for the Irish Sea. An interpretation of current legislation through the use of GIS-based zoning approaches and effectiveness for the protection of nature conservation interests. MARINE POLICY, 31(3), pp. 287-298. 10.1016/j.marpol.2006.08.005

Brax, J. (2002). Zoning the oceans: Using the national marine sanctuaries act and the antiquities act to establish marine protection areas and marine reserves in America. ECOLOGY LAW QUARTERLY, 29(1), pp. 71-129.

Bremer, LL; Delevaux, JMS; Leary, JJK; Cox, LJ; Oleson, KLL. (2015). Opportunities and Strategies to Incorporate Ecosystem Services Knowledge and Decision Support Tools into Planning and Decision Making in Hawai’i. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 55(4), pp. 884-899. 10.1007/s00267-014-0426-4

Brennan, J; Fitzsimmons, C; Gray, T; Raggatt, L. (2014). EU marine strategy framework directive (MSFD) and marine spatial planning (MSP): Which is the more dominant and practicable contributor to maritime policy in the UK?. MARINE POLICY, 43, pp. 359-366. 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.07.011

Brodie, Jon; Waterhouse, Jane. (2012). A critical review of environmental management of the ‘not so Great’ Barrier Reef. ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE, 104, pp. 1-22. 10.1016/j.ecss.2012.03.012

Brown, G; Smith, C; Alessa, L; Kliskey, A. (2004). A comparison of perceptions of biological value with scientific assessment of biological importance. APPLIED GEOGRAPHY, 24(2), pp. 161-180. 10.1016/j.apgeog.2004.03.006

Bruce, EM; Eliot, IG. (2006). A spatial model for marine park zoning. COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 34(1), pp. 17-38. 10.1080/08920750500364898

Bruns, A; Gee, K. (2009). From State-Centered Decision-Making to Participatory Governance Planning for Offshore Wind Farms and Implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Northern Germany. GAIA-ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES FOR SCIENCE AND SOCIETY, 18(2): 150-157.

Bryan, BA; Raymond, CM; Crossman, ND; King, D. (2011). Comparing Spatially Explicit Ecological and Social Values for Natural Areas to Identify Effective Conservation Strategies. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, 25(1), pp. 172-181. 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01560.x

Busch, M; Kannen, A; Garthe, S; Jessopp, M. (2013). Consequences of a cumulative perspective on marine environmental impacts: Offshore wind farming and seabirds at North Sea scale in context of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive. OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, 71, pp. 213-224. 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2012.10.016

Butcher, Paul A.; Boulton, Andrew J.; Macbeth, William G.; Malcolm, Hamish A.. (2014). Long-term effects of marine park zoning on giant mud crab Scylla serrata populations in three Australian estuaries. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, 508, pp. 163-176. 10.3354/meps10865

Butsic, Van; Gaeta, Jereme W.; Radeloff, Volker. (2012). The ability of zoning and land acquisition to increase property values and maintain largemouth bass growth rates in an amenity rich region. LANDSCAPE AND URBAN PLANNING, 107(1), pp. 69-78. 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.05.003

Calado, H; Bentz, J. (2013). The Portuguese maritime spatial plan. MARINE POLICY, 42, pp. 325-333. 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.03.014

Calado, H; Bentz, J; Ng, K; Zivian, A; Schaefer, N; Pringle, C; Johnson, D; Phillips, M. (2012). NGO involvement in marine spatial planning: A way forward?. MARINE POLICY, 36(2), pp. 382-388. 10.1016/j.marpol.2011.07.009

Calado, H; Ng, K; Johnson, D; Sousa, L; Phillips, M; Alves, F. (2010). Marine spatial planning: Lessons learned from the Portuguese debate. MARINE POLICY, 34(6), pp. 1341-1349. 10.1016/j.marpol.2010.06.007

Calado, H; Ng, K; Lopes, C; Paramio, L. (2011). Introducing a legal management instrument for offshore marine protected areas in the Azores-The Azores Marine Park. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY, 14(8), pp. 1175-1187. 10.1016/j.envsci.2011.09.001

Calambokidis, J., Steiger, G. H., Curtice, C., Harrison, J., Ferguson, M. C., Becker, E., … Van Parijs, S. M. (2015). 4. Biologically Important Areas for Selected Cetaceans Within U.S. Waters – West Coast Region. AQUATIC MAMMALS, 41(1), 39–53.

Caldow, C; Monaco, M; Pittman, S; Kendall, M; Goedeke, T; Menza, C; Kinlan, B; Costa, B. (2015). Biogeographic assessments: A framework for information synthesis in marine spatial planning. MARINE POLICY, 51, pp. 423-432. 10.1016/j.marpol.2014.07.023

Campbell, MS; Stehfest, KM; Votier, SC; Hall-Spencer, JM. (2014). Mapping fisheries for marine spatial planning: Gear-specific vessel monitoring system (VMS), marine conservation and offshore renewable energy. MARINE POLICY, 45, pp. 293-300. 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.09.015

Cao, Wenzhi; Wong, Ming H.. (2007). Current status of coastal zone issues and management in China: A review. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, 33(7), pp. 985-992. 10.1016/j.envint.2007.04.009

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