Marine Plan Partnership for the Canadian Pacific North CoastThe Marine Plan Partnership for the Pacific North Coast (MaPP) is a co-led initiative between 17 First Nations and the Province of British Columbia represented by the Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations (the Province). The 17 First Nations are represented by Coastal First Nations-Great Bear Initiative, the North Coast – Skeena First Nations Stewardship Society, the Central Coast Indigenous Resource Alliance, the Council of the Haida Nation and the Nanwakolas Council (First Nations).
Launched in November 2011, MaPP developed four sub-regional plans for the Haida Gwaii, the North Coast, the Central Coast, and North Vancouver Island areas and a Regional Action Framework (RAF). The four sub-regional marine plans were completed in April 2015 and the RAF was completed in July 2016.
The sub-regional plans provide clear recommendations for the management and uses of marine areas. They include recommendations to develop and maintain sustainable economies for coastal communities and resilient marine ecosystems. The RAF identifies recommendations for advancing common sub-regional interests that are of regional significance and that can benefit from integrated and joint actions.
MaPP sub-regional marine plans, the RAF, and the MaPP implementation strategy address issues within the constitutional authority of the Province and First Nations, pursuant to Canada’s Constitution and First Nations laws respectively. Consistent with the approved sub-regional marine plans, this implementation strategy does not provide, imply direction or make recommendations on matters that the Province believes are solely within federal jurisdiction.
Marine stakeholders representing multiple sectors contributed advice to the process through advisory committees: four sub-regional and one regional. The MaPP sub-regional advisory committees met approximately every two months. The advisory committee members represented a wide variety of marine uses and activities, including commercial businesses and industries, local government, marine conservation, academic institutions, non-commercial users, and local community members. In addition to the sub-regional advisory committees, a Science Advisory Committee gave expert technical and scientific knowledge and advice throughout the planning process.
What stimulated MaPP and spatial planning in the Pacific North Coast of Canada?
The Province and First Nations have been conducting resource planning for the land in this region for many years, and extending the collaborative relationship to marine and coastal areas has improved consistency in the approach to resource management for the entire region. The Province and many of the First Nations are also participating in the federally-led Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area (PNCIMA) process. The PNCIMA initiative is intended to produce strategic marine planning goals, objectives and risk assessments at a regional Large Ocean Management Area (LOMA) scale.
The Province and First Nations are jointly leading the MaPP process, which is intended to generate more operational and localised advice for marine uses. MaPP is focused on the nearshore and foreshore areas of the four sub-regions and has produced spatial (or site-specific) guidance for a variety of activities. At this time, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) is not participating in the MaPP process. Instead, DFO is focused on advancing the strategic PNCIMA initiative and the development of a marine protected area network for the Pacific Northern Shelf bioregion.
The two marine planning processes, MaPP and PNCIMA are complementary, but deal with different issues at different scales and levels of detail.
|Authority:||Partnership Agreement among Coastal First Nations—Great Bear Initiative, North Coast-Skeena First Nations Stewardship Society, Nanwakolas Council, Central Coast Indigenous Resource Alliance, the Council of the Haida Nation and the Province of British Columbia|
|Lead Planning Agency:||17-Member Coastal First Nations (Haida Gwaii, North Coast, Central Coast, and North Vancouver Island) and the Province of British Columbia (Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations)|
|Financing:||A total of about $10 million over 4 years for the four plans ($8.5 million from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and about $1.5 million of in-kind funding by the Province of British Columbia and the First Nations)|
|Size of Planning Area:||102,000 km2|
|Time required to complete the plans:||Four years (2011-2015)|
|Drivers of MSP:||17 First Nations stewardship responsibilities for marine environment; marine protection; economic opportunities, e.g., aquaculture; emergency response; tenure management of marine space|
|Stakeholder participation:||Extensive. The MaPP advisory committees met approximately every two months. The committee members represented a wide variety of marine uses and activities, including commercial businesses and industries, local government, marine conservation, academic institutions, non-commercial users, and local community members.|
|Sectors included in planning:||Forestry, tourism, fisheries, non-renewable energy, recreation, renewable energy|
|Relation to coastal management:||The Province is responsible for issuing authorizations for the use of Crown lands, including the foreshore, and First Nations stewardship offices coordinate First Nations’ input to those decisions.|
|Relation to marine protected area management:||“Protection Management Zones” identified covering about 20% of marine waters.|
|Plan approval:||Approved by the Province of British Columbia and First Nations in April 2015|
|Legal Status of Plan:||Non-statutory|
|Plan revision:||Plan review scheduled for 3-5 years|
|Performance monitoring and evaluation:||Performance indicators for the plan are being identified and will be used to revise the next round of planning.|