Denmark

Denmark

The total area of Denmark’s exclusive economic zone and territorial sea is about 105,000 km2.

Denmark does not have a comprehensive marine spatial plan for its sea areas, but is beginning to develop one. A range of sectoral plans exist (e.g., energy infrastructure, fisheries, and nature protection). These sectoral plans will be used in the new maritime spatial plan that will apply to marine internal waters, territorial sea, and EEZ.

The Danish Parliament has adopted an Act on Maritime Spatial Planning that establishes a framework for MSP in the Danish marine waters. The purpose of the Act is to promote economic growth, the development of marine areas, and the use of marine resources on a sustainable basis. The Act aims to contribute to achieving the goals of maritime spatial planning while taking account land-sea interaction and strengthening cross-border cooperation.

Sectors to be included in the future maritime spatial plan include: the energy sector, maritime transport, fishing and aquaculture, the extraction of raw materials and the preservation, protection and improvement of the environment, including resilience to the consequences of climate change. Military activities, cultural heritage, municipal plans for use of coastal waters, and others will not be regulated by the plan but it will take these into account. Economic growth is a strong focus for the maritime spatial planning of the Danish marine waters (European MSP Platform 2017).

Denmark

KEY ELEMENTS

Authority:National legislation
Lead Planning Agency:Danish Maritime Authority
Financing:Not known or approved at this time
Size of Planning Area:More than 100,000 km2
Time required to complete the plans:More than 4 years
Drivers of MSP:Effects of climate change (e.g., sea-level rise); New and emerging uses of the marine area, e.g., wind energy, aquaculture; Marine conservation or biodiversity concerns; Perceived conflicts between uses and nature
conservation, e.g., marine protected areas; Perceived conflicts among uses, e.g., marine mining v. fishing; Economic growth concerns; Need for a more integrated approach.
Stakeholder participation:Throughout the MSP process
Sectors included in planning:Coastal Land Uses; Marine conservation; Mineral Mining/Aggregate Extraction; Offshore Oil & Gas; Offshore Renewable Energy;
Marine Transport; International Commercial Fishing; Domestic Commercial Fishing
Relation to coastal management:Weak connection to adjacent coastal management
program
Relation to marine protected area management:Existing and future MPAs incorporated in the
management plan
Plan approval:Planning to plan, but not yet underway
Legal Status of Plan:Regulatory and enforceable
Plan revision:Review/revision more than every 5 years
Performance monitoring and evaluation:Plan has not been revised yet