Germany (Länder or States)

Germany (Länder or States)

German Länder

In Germany the authority for MSP in its territorial waters up to the 12 nm limit lies with the three federal states (Länder) with marine waters: west coast of Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony on the North Sea and north coast of Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern on the Baltic Sea coast.
 

Schleswig-Holstein

The State Development Plan for Schleswig-Holstein has regulatory authority over the spatial objectives and principles for marine as well as terrestrial areas. The guiding principle is “sustainable spatial development” that brings the social and economic demands regarding space in line with its ecological capacity and leads to sustainable, large-scale balanced order. The different uses in the coastal zone should be balanced and adjusted to each other and to the requirements of nature. Integrated coastal zone management should play an important role in this. The plan came into effect in 2010 and was last amended in 2015. The start of consultation for this plan is anticipated in late 2017 (adapted from the European MSP Platform 2017).
 

KEY ELEMENTS

Authority:Sub-national legislation (Landesentwicklungsplan Schleswig-Holstein 2010)
Lead Planning Agency:State Chancellery of Schleswig-Holstein, Spatial planning Department
Financing:No financial plan for future funding has been developed
Size of Planning Area:Territorial Sea only (0-12 nm)
Time required to complete the plans:2-4 years
Drivers of MSP:Need for a more integrated approach; Perceived conflicts among uses, e.g., marine mining v. fishing; Marine conservation or biodiversity concerns; New and emerging uses of the marine area, e.g., wind energy, aquaculture; Effects of climate change (e.g., sea-level rise)
Stakeholder participation:At end of MSP process
Sectors included in planning:Aquaculture, Ports, Offshore Renewable Energy, Offshore Oil & Gas, Recreation & Tourism, Military, Marine Conservation, Coastal Land Uses
Relation to coastal management:Strong connection to adjacent coastal management program
Relation to marine protected area management:MPAs planned under a separate process
Plan approval:Plan implemented
Legal Status of Plan:Regulatory/Enforceable
Plan revision:Review/revision more than every 5 years
Performance monitoring and evaluation:Plan has not been revised yet

Germany

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

mapA new State Development Plan (SDP) of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern came into force in June 2016. Similar to the previous plan of 2005 this new plan includes MSP for the territorial waters. The SDP aims to implement the principles of “sustainable spatial development” that could bring social and economic requirements of the territory into harmony with its ecological functions, and that could lead to long-term, large-scale and balanced spatial development. The new MSP plan covers more human uses and also some ecosystem services. Already the 2005 plan included designations on priority areas and/or areas reserved for marine conservation, tourism, cables and pipelines, and mineral extraction. In addition, the 2016 MSP plan includes priority and reservation areas for maritime transport, wind energy, coastal protection, e.g., sand extraction, and fisheries—the later covering important fishing grounds as well as spawning and nursery areas of commercially important species.
 
The plan was extended to the 12 nm limit between 2003-2005 and adopted in 2005. Between 2013-2015 it was revised and adopted. It became a legally binding act in 2016 The new MSP plan is the outcome of a two-year process with ten public information events, two public participation rounds, and 2600 written statements. The plan is accessible (in German) here.
 

KEY ELEMENTS

Authority:Sub-national legislation (State spatial development programme)
Lead Planning Agency:Ministry of Energy and State Development
Financing:Funding exists to fully implement the plan (general government revenues).
Size of Planning Area:Territorial Sea only (0-12 nm), whole landside territory of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Time required to complete the plans:2-4 years
Drivers of MSP:Need for a more integrated approach; Economic growth concerns; Perceived conflicts among uses, e.g., marine mining v. fishing; Perceived conflicts between uses and nature conservation, e.g., marine protected areas; Marine conservation or biodiversity concerns; New and emerging uses of the marine area, e.g., wind energy, aquaculture
Stakeholder participation:Throughout the MSP process
Sectors included in planning:All
Relation to coastal management:Strong connection to adjacent coastal management program
Relation to marine protected area management:Existing and future MPAs incorporated in the management plan
Plan approval:Plan completed, but not yet approved
Legal Status of Plan:Regulatory/Enforceable
Plan revision:Review/revision more than every 5 years
Performance monitoring and evaluation:Evaluation results of first plan of 2005 were used for the actual plan that came into force in June 2016.

Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)

The Spatial Planning Programme of Lower Saxony includes provisions for wind power production and nature conservation, offshore electricity transmission, and shipping. Goals that apply to both the territorial sea and coastal zones include sustainable development, consideration of stakeholder perspectives from multiple groups and geographies, and reversible management actions. The Lower Saxony plan has been revised and amended in 2008 and 2012. Three current drafts of the plan exist due to amendment processes in 2014, 2015 and 2016 (adapted from the European MSP Platform 2017).
 

KEY ELEMENTS

Authority:Sub-national legislation (Nieders. Landes-Raumordnungsprogramm (LROP) Spatial plan for Lower Saxony)
Lead Planning Agency:Lower Saxony Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection
Financing:Funding exists to fully implement the plan (general government revenues).
Size of Planning Area:50,000-100,000 km2
Time required to complete the plans:2-4 years
Drivers of MSP:Need for a more integrated approach; Economic growth concerns; Perceived conflicts among uses, e.g., marine mining v. fishing; Perceived conflicts between uses and nature conservation, e.g., marine protected areas; New and emerging uses of the marine area, e.g., wind energy, aquaculture; Effects of climate change (e.g., sea-level rise)
Stakeholder participation:Throughout the MSP process
Sectors included in planning:Marine Conservation, Coastal Land Uses, Recreation & Tourism, Offshore Renewable Energy, Ports, Marine Transport
Relation to coastal management:Weak connection to adjacent coastal management program
Relation to marine protected area management:Existing and future MPAs incorporated in the management plan
Plan approval:Plan amended or revised
Legal Status of Plan:Regulatory/Enforceable
Plan revision:Review/revision every 4-5 years
Performance monitoring and evaluation:Evaluation results used to revise and adapt first plan