Latvia

Latvia

Latvia has a territorial sea covering about 10,000 km2 and an exclusive economic zone of almost 18,000 km2. It does not yet have an approved marine spatial plan, but a draft plan was completed in 2016 (see Key MSP Documents). The draft plan contains along-term vision, strategic goals and tasks, future scenarios (for 2030), and guidelines and principles for the development of the sea space of Latvia. A Strategic Environmental Assessment of the draft plan has also been completed.

The legal basis for MSP in Latvia is the Spatial Development Planning Law, issued on 1st of December, (2011), in which MSP and the deadline for starting its development (1 January, 2014) is defined. A regulation of the Ministers Cabinet on Development, Implementation and Monitoring of a Maritime Spatial Plan was approved in 2012. The content elaboration procedures, as well as implementation and monitoring procedures of MSP, are defined. The MSP plan must be submitted and announced through ordinary legislative procedures and approved by government. The Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development is the lead for MSP in Latvia.

Development of the plan was started in 2014 when a national MSP coordination group was established and initial introductory seminar about national MSP for general public was organised. The first draft was prepared during 2015. National public consultations and cross-border consultations within the framework of the Espo Convention were held in late 2015 and early 2016. Currently the work on the final version of the plan is carried out and it is expected that plan will be approved by government in 2017.

For more information, see the European MSP Platform website (http://www.msp-platform.eu).

Latvia

KEY ELEMENTS

Authority:National legislation
Lead Planning Agency:Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of the Republic of Latvia
Financing:Total funding for planning: less than US$1,000,000. No funding exists to implement the plan.
Size of Planning Area:10,000-50,000 km2
Time required to complete the plans:2-4 years
Drivers of MSP:Need for a more integrated approach; Perceived conflicts between uses and nature conservation, e.g., marine protected areas; Marine conservation or biodiversity concerns; New and emerging uses of the marine area, e.g., wind energy, aquaculture
Stakeholder participation:Throughout the MSP process.
Sectors included in planning:All
Relation to coastal management:No coastal management program to connect to.
Relation to marine protected area management:Existing and future MPAs incorporated in the management plan
Plan approval:Planning underway
Legal Status of Plan:Advisory/Strategic
Plan revision:Review/revision more than every 5 years
Performance monitoring and evaluation:Plan has not been revised yet