Poland

Poland

The EEZ of Poland is about 22,500 km2. Its territorial sea and inland waters is another 11,000 km2. Only pilot MSP projects have been produced so far, but national MSP activities are underway.

Poland does have national legislation that provides authority for MSP. The Ministry of Marine Economy and Inland Transportation manages human activities in Polish sea areas.  The maritime spatial plans will be adopted by ministerial regulation by the minister responsible for maritime economy and the minister responsible for regional development in consultation with the ministers responsible for environment, water management, culture and national heritage, agriculture, fisheries, transport, internal affairs and the Minister of National Defence.  The directors of maritime offices in Gdynia, Słupsk, and Szczecin will prepare drafts of the plans.

Preparation of a legally-binding maritime plan for all Polish sea areas, except areas of ports, the Szczecin Lagoon and the Vistula Lagoon, officially started in November 2013. Directors of the Maritime Offices signed an agreement for cooperation on developing a single, coherent plan for this area. The first stage of this process a “Study of the Conditions of Spatial Development of Polish Sea Areas” was completed in March 2015. The Study is already available in Polish and English on the websites of the maritime offices, e.g., the Maritime Office in Gdynia website: http://www.umgdy.gov.pl/?cat=96.

At the end of March 2016 the Maritime Office in Gdynia launched the development of “The maritime spatial plan for Polish Maritime Areas”, covering all Polish sea areas except areas of ports, the Szczecin and the Vistula Lagoons. First drafts are expected in 2018 (EU MSP Platform 2017).

Poland

 

KEY ELEMENTS

Authority:National legislation.
Lead Planning Agency:Maritime Offices in Gdynia, Słupsk and Szczecin.
Financing:Funding for planning and implementation from general government revenues.
Size of Planning Area:10,000-50,000 km2
Time required to complete the plans:2-4 years
Drivers of MSP:Need for a more integrated approach; Economic growth concerns; Perceived conflicts among uses, e.g., marine mining v. fishing; Perceived conflicts between uses and nature conservation, e.g., marine protected areas; New and emerging uses of the marine area, e.g., wind energy, aquaculture; Effects of climate change (e.g., sea-level rise)
Stakeholder participation:Stakeholders engaged before beginning, at beginning and throughout the MSP process.
Sectors included in planning:All
Relation to coastal management:Strong connection to adjacent coastal management
program
Relation to marine protected area management:MPAs planned under a separate process
Plan approval:Planning to plan, but not yet underway
Legal Status of Plan:Regulatory and enforceable
Plan revision:Review/revision more than every 5 years
Performance monitoring and evaluation:Plan has not been revised yet